Fibromyalgia – Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Fibromyalgia - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Fibromyalgia is a condition where the muscles and bones are affected. It is the second most common condition which is usually misdiagnosed due to the similar symptoms seen in other musculoskeletal conditions. The classical symptoms seen in fibromyalgia include fatigue, joint pain, and muscle pain. There is no significant cure for treating fibromyalgia but there are therapeutic measures that help in relieving the symptoms associated with the condition. Altering lifestyle changes, stress management, medications, exercises, and the latest laser treatment are effective measures for treating fibromyalgia. Have a look at the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment options or fibromyalgia:


The symptoms seen with fibromyalgia are similar to overall body pain. The specific symptoms include insomnia or difficulty sleeping, difficulty in concentration or attention problems, nervousness, fatigue, depression, tender areas, low pain threshold areas, muscle tightness, muscle spasms, twitch or burning sensation. Fibromyalgia symptoms seem similar to conditions like bursitis, osteoarthritis or tendonitis. Other symptoms linked with fibromyalgia include headaches, dry nose, mouth and eyes, constipation, bloating, diarrhea, uncontrolled urination, hot or cold sensitivity, sensitivity to light or sound, numbness and tingling sensation.


The exact cause of fibromyalgia is still unknown but doctors assume that the problem is most likely seen within the spinal cord or brain which results in painful sensations to different body areas. However, risk factors of fibromyalgia include:

  •         It is more commonly seen in women when compared to men,
  •         It is common if you are suffering from different painful conditions like infectious disease or arthritis,
  •         Fibromyalgia is common in patients suffering from mood disorders like depression or anxiety,
  •         It is seen in patients suffering from emotional or physical abuse and patients suffering from post-traumatic disorder,
  •         It is commonly seen in patients who avoid performing exercises,
  •         Genetic mutations or family history might also increase your chance of suffering from fibromyalgia.


The diagnosis of fibromyalgia stats from examination and past medical history along with the family history. Fibromyalgia is not significantly diagnosed with specific tests as the symptoms resemble different medical disorders. The doctors need you to undergo all the tests so that he or she can rule out other diseases like thyroid disorders, arthritis or lupus disease. The doctor advises blood tests, hormonal tests to check the levels and any inflammatory markers within the body along with the X-rays. If there are no significant chances to diagnose the disease, the doctor might perform the two-part scoring system to identify the pain intensity and how widespread the pain is due to the disease. It also helps to identify how much will it affect daily activities. The results seen during this test helps in evaluating the treatment plan.


The doctors prescribe the treatment options depending on the symptoms of your disease.


Exercises are also advised for treating fibromyalgia especially moderate exercises or low-impact activities which help in building muscle strength and endurance. Yoga, tai chi, walking, and Pilates are effective for relieving the symptoms linked with fibromyalgia. These exercises induce the formation of endorphins which helps in relieving stress, pain and allows you to sleep well. Other complementary therapies like acupuncture, chiropractic manipulation and massage over the affected areas might also ease the body pain.


However, when considering the latest technology you can opt for laser therapy in Pakistan. It is a simple Canadian tool that aids in treating different medical conditions including fibromyalgia. Low-level laser therapy is widely utilized for treating several musculoskeletal conditions which also includes fibromyalgia. The low-level laser therapy offers anti-inflammatory effects and relieves pain which is felt in this mysterious disease. The wide-spread burning pain is relieved with few sessions of laser therapy. It helps in improving sleep, stiffness, skin tenderness, fatigue, muscular spasms, and others.

This cold laser therapy launched by Bioflex is a non-pharmacological treatment option that aids in relieving this neuropathic pain. It is a cost-effective and safe process that poses no severe adverse effects over the body. LLT acts over the peripheral neural stimulation where it aids in the regulation of microcirculation, promotes analgesic and interrupts the pain mechanism.

The use of LLT promotes vascularization, increases the number of fibroblasts within the body, leads to epithelization and promotes the formation of collagen fibers. In addition to pain control, the use of LLT helped in promoting muscle activity along with a reduction in fatigue. Different studies suggest the use of LLT where it helps in enhancing the life quality allowing the patients to actively perform their routine activities. LLT has bio-stimulatory effects where it promotes the formation of new cells along with the generation of new connective tissues.

For having laser therapy in Pakistan, you can visit the latest clinics in Karachi, Peshawar, and Islamabad. For further queries, you can call the toll-free number or book appointments online through the website.

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