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Parkinson’s Disease: Early Signs, Causes, and Treatment

You must have seen old aged people around you suffering from Parkinson’s disease. It is a progressive, debilitating nervous disorder where the movements are impaired. The symptoms of Parkinson’s disease appear gradually and slowly with time and they are barely noticeable. Tremors are commonly seen in Parkinson’s disease but this progressive nervous disorder also results in slow movements and stiffness.


The early signs during Parkinson’s disease include none or little expressions over the face, less arm swing during the walk or other physical activities, soft, slurred speech and others. These symptoms become severe as soon as the disease progresses. Parkinson’s disease is a condition that cannot be completely cured with medications or other pharmaceutical measures but the symptoms seen in this condition can be controlled with the help of pharmaceutical measures. The signs and symptoms seen during the early phase of the therapy are mild and might go unnoticeable. The symptoms of the disease are variable from one person to another depending on the severity of the condition.

The symptoms usually begin over one side of the body but with time they are seen on the opposite side of the body as well. The tremors are usually seen in fingers and hands. The movements of such patients appear slow which makes it difficult for the patients to perform simple tasks. The muscles of different body parts become rigid leading to a reduced range of motion. The posture of patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease becomes stooped along with the balance issues. The patient starts losing automatic movements like smiling, blinking and others.

The complications seen with Parkinson’s disease include problems during the thinking process, dementia or cognitive problems. The thinking difficulties are usually seen during the later stages of the disease. Emotional changes and depression are experienced during Parkinson’s disease. Swallowing problems are also seen during the disease where excessive drooling and accumulation of saliva are seen.

The masticatory muscles are also affected in patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease which leads to chewing difficulties. People suffering from this disease are also prone to sleep disorders, bladder issues, and constipation. Other changes include smell dysfunction, pain, sexual dysfunction, fatigue, blood pressure changes as well.


The main cause of Parkinson’s disease includes the breakdown or death of certain neurons within the brain. When these neurons are dead, they stop producing dopamine which is necessary for performing the essential functions in the daily routine. The abnormal brain activity by the brain is seen in such patients due to the reduced levels of dopamine. Other causes linked with Parkinson’s disease include:

  • Genetic mutation or family history
  • Environmental triggering factors like exposure to toxins, chemicals or other pollutants
  • Other risk factors related to Parkinson’s disease include hereditary, middle or late life, gender where men are more likely to suffer from Parkinson’s disease and exposure to toxins like pesticides or herbicides.
  • Studies have also indicated that patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease show brain changes like the presence of Lewy bodies i.e. the clumps of specific material within the brain. The Lewy bodies show alpha-synuclein which is a widespread protein seen in Lewy bodies. This protein is seen in the form of clumps within the Lewy bodies which cannot be broken down.


Parkinson’s disease cannot be diagnosed with specific tests. The doctors who are trained to evaluate the nervous system can diagnose the disease based on medical history, evaluation of signs and symptoms, physical and neurological examination. The doctor’s advice to perform a specific test called dopamine transporter scan which helps in identifying the disease, its symptoms along with the neurologic examination. Other lab tests are also advised like blood tests, imaging tests such as CT, MRI, ultrasound scan and PET scans that help in ruling out the disorder. 


The treatment options for curing Parkinson’s disease are not specific but the medications advised for the disease help in controlling the symptoms. The doctors advise aerobic exercises, lifestyle changes, physical therapy and speech-language pathologists for improving the symptoms. 

If you want to consider the latest technology which is a Canadian based tool then visit the Bioflex laser therapy which is recently launched in Pakistan. The laser therapy is a highly effective, safe, non-toxic and non-pharmaceutical tool that aids in relieving the symptoms linked with Parkinson’s disease. This light-emitting diode is the latest neuroprotective approach which helps in treating the affected brain tissues. It treats the brain tissues which are affected due to lack of oxygen, suffering from mitochondrial dysfunction or toxic environments.

It stimulates the mitochondria within the brain cells where it enhances the energy production and regulates the proper functioning of cells. It reduces cell death and inhibits cell damage by offering protection to dopamine-producing brain cells. The laser therapy has shown to improve the functions of mitochondria and aids in reducing tissue inflammation. Many studies show the improvement in brain function i.e. cognitive, executive and emotional functions. The photobiomodulation offered with this light therapy improves the healing process, reduces pain and inflammation by modulating the biological processes at the cellular level.

Bioflex laser therapy further stimulates the antioxidant pathways located within the brain where it improves the recovery rate of various medical conditions. The laser therapy is seen to improve the sleeping disorder which is usually experienced by patients suffering from Parkinson’s disease.

The laser therapy is now available in huge cities of Pakistan such as Karachi, Islamabad, and Peshawar. You just need to book your appointment with Bioflex laser clinics through their website or call their toll-free number.

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