Musculoskeletal conditions are the disorders that affect the individual’s joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, blood vessels, discs or bones. It results in an injury to the body movement system of an individual. The musculoskeletal conditions include carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, bone fractures, fibromyalgia, degenerative disc disease, herniated disc, and others. These conditions are common at all ages and everyone is at a risk to suffer from such conditions.
The severity of these conditions varies in terms of signs and symptoms. In most cases, it results in discomfort and pain, affecting the everyday activities which mostly recovers with proper diagnosis and treatment. So, before having a look at how musculoskeletal conditions are more commonly seen, let’s have a look at the symptoms and causes:
SYMPTOMS AND AREAS AFFECTED BY MUSCULOSKELETAL CONDITIONS:
The most common symptoms include stiff joints, dull aching pain, recurrent pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and many others. The symptoms of musculoskeletal conditions vary from one person to another suffering from MSD. The common areas affected by musculoskeletal conditions include shoulders, neck, wrists, legs, back, hips, knees or feet. These symptoms affect everyday activities which include commuting, walking, typing or others. It results in a restricted range of motion with trouble faced in completing the daily tasks.
COMMON CAUSES OF MUSCULOSKELETAL CONDITIONS:
The commonly seen causes of musculoskeletal conditions mainly depend on our daily activities. These stressful activities with the same posture result in wear and tear effect over the joint. Different types of trauma like jerking movements, auto accidents, fractures, falls, and sprains, direct blow to the area or dislocations can also cause impairment of the musculoskeletal system. The work-related causes include long-term immobilization, prolonged awkward working posture, repetitive movements or overuse of specific joints can also result in adverse effects over the musculoskeletal system.
HOW MUSCULOSKELETAL CONDITIONS ARE MORE COMMON THAN YOU THINK?
The musculoskeletal conditions are more common than we think and it affects every individual at some point in their life. One out of three individuals is affected by musculoskeletal disorders apart from their age. Most of them have to spend the rest of their lives with painful and chronic musculoskeletal conditions due to improper diagnosis and treatment strategies.
The risk factors which mainly affect the individuals include age factor, different occupations, lifestyle factors, family history, activity level and many more. These risk factors can be divided into work-related and individual-related. The work-related risk factors include forceful actions, postures or repetition while individual factors include poor work posture, practices, poor health maintenance, poor fitness level and many more.
The activity level has a great impact on the musculoskeletal system of an individual as increased activity causes wear and tear of the joints. These activities include sitting or working in the same posture every day, performing high-impact exercises every day, engaging yourself in repetitive motions or maintaining poor posture. MSDS is one of the widest range of workplace disorders that results in 30% compensation for the worker’s costs.
According to a report conducted in 1997 from the working group of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal or Skin diseases, 37.9 million or 15% of the US population, suffered from musculoskeletal conditions during 1990. However, it is expected to visualize the increase within the diseased rates which estimate around 59.4 million or 18.4% with the musculoskeletal conditions during 2020.
WORK-RELATED AND INDIVIDUAL RISK FACTORS WHICH RESULT IN MORE COMMONLY SEEN MUSCULOSKELETAL CONDITIONS AMONG INDIVIDUALS:
Work-life has a great impact on a person’s health. The repetitive tasks, awkward posture, and high force at work harm the musculoskeletal system. Forceful exertions can also put extra load over the human body leading to MSD. The repetitive awkward posture at work has an excessive force over the muscles, tendons, joints, and nerves. Other than work-related factors, the individual factors include poor work practice like lifting techniques, body mechanics and others which result in unnecessary stress over the body. The inadequate rest and poor lifestyle like drinking, smoking, obesity, malnourishment, dehydration and poor fitness level can also make you prone to musculoskeletal conditions.
WHY MUSCULOSKELETAL HEALTH IS IMPORTANT?
The health of the locomotor system is critical for a human to function properly, engage in mobility, and perform the work and dexterity while actively participating in different life aspects. It is essential to maintain the economic, functional and social independence of a human throughout their life course. With the progress of musculoskeletal disorders, you start losing productivity during work-life which leads to early retirement and low financial security. The impairment of the musculoskeletal system leads to depletion of physical activities, impairment of mental health and enhanced healthcare costs.
According to the burden of disease profiles during 2016 a massive increase was seen in non-communicable disease i.e. MSD of around 61.4% when compared to the data during the 1990s i.e. around 43.9%. Another example of a rise in osteoarthritis was seen from 1990 to 2016 i.e. around 104% while spinal pain also being the leading cause of locomotor system disability since 1990. this transition of health profiles shows why it is important that we should focus more on health care especially the preventive, promotive and rehabilitative type of healthcare. The focus on primary healthcare services will have a positive impact on the global population which will improve the functioning ability of an individual especially during old age.
THERAPEUTIC MEASURES FOR MUSCULOSKELETAL CONDITIONS:
There are various mobilization therapies for treating musculoskeletal conditions. The medicines utilized for treating MSD include NSAIDS, Ramelteon, Zolpidem, and others. Different treatment options include anti-inflammatory or anesthetic injections, stretching or muscle strengthening exercises, occupational or physical therapy, acupuncture, biofeedback technique, therapeutic massage, chiropractic care, and others. The latest therapy used for treating MSD includes Laser therapy which results in photobiomodulation causing the release of photons within the deeper layers of tissue. The BioFlex lasers are highly effective in treating such conditions as they enhance the repair of the connective tissues, regeneration of cells, enhances the functioning of nerves surrounding tissues and many other reparative features. This non-invasive procedure is highly efficient for treating MSD and enhances the recovery period.
When a person is exposed to the risk factors of MSD, he starts being fatigue. When the body is incapable of recovering, the musculoskeletal system results in an imbalance. When this imbalance keeps on persisting it leads to the development of musculoskeletal disorders. Once these musculoskeletal conditions are immediately diagnosed, they can be easily treated with lasers. Once you attend different sessions of laser therapy you start recovering and ultimately you end up efficiently performing the everyday activities.