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Gout: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Gout is a common type of complex disorder that can affect any of us. This disease is characterized as leading to severe and sudden painful sensations where it might result in redness, swelling or tenderness within the joints. Gout is commonly known for affecting the big toe. Gout occurs suddenly with a sharp throbbing pain when you wake up in the middle of the night or early morning.

It feels as if your big toe is burning. The joints feel swollen, tender and hot and feels like you have applied an extra weight over the sheet. The symptoms of gout are variable and they mostly occur without any pre-existing signs. The flare-ups of gout symptoms are preventable so be cautious when you feel the symptoms associated with gout. Have a look at the common symptoms, causes, and treatment of gout.


The symptoms of gout include the following:

  • Continuous discomfort- once you suffer from severe tenderness and pain, you feel discomfort in that particular joint for around weeks or months.
  • Severe joint pain- gout is commonly seen in the big toe but other than that it can affect any joint of the body such as ankles, finger joints, wrists, elbows, and knees. The pain is very severe during the initial period and continues for 10-12 hours.
  • Reduced range of motion- once gout progresses, the range of motion of the joints becomes reduced.
  • Redness, swelling and inflammation- as soon as the joints are affected by gout, the patient suffers from tenderness, warm feeling, redness, and swollen joints.

The symptoms of gout can become severe, so as soon as you experience intense discomfort and pain within the joints, consult your healthcare professional immediately.


The causes of gout include the following:

Gout is caused by the accumulation of urate crystals within the joints causing intense, severe pain and inflammation within the joints. Urate crystals are formed within the joints when there is a high accumulation of uric acid within the body. The body starts producing uric acid once they break down purines which are naturally present in the body. Purines are present in certain food items which include organic meats, steaks or seafood.

These food items along with the intake of beer, alcoholic beverages, and fructose drinks can increase the levels of uric acid within the body. In normal conditions, the uric acid is dissolved within the blood and is passed out by the kidneys in urine. But in abnormal conditions, the body is unable to excrete the right amount of uric acid and it starts accumulating excess uric acid in the form of urate crystals that surround the joint space leading to inflammation, swelling, and pain. 

Certain risk factors increase your chance of suffering from gout such as dietary factors, obesity, medical conditions like diabetes, kidney, heart disease, and high blood pressure. Certain medications like thiazide diuretics can also increase the chance of gout. Family history, age, and sex also matter when considering the risk factors for gout.

Men are more prone to suffer from gout and it commonly occurs between the ages of 30-50 years. If gout is not treated properly, it turns into severe complications like recurrent gout, advanced gout or kidney stones.


The treatment protocol for gout starts with preventive measures where you should start consuming excess fluids i.e. water and avoid drinking sugary drinks. Limit the intake of alcohol, meat, and fish and try consuming protein from low-fat dairy products. The diagnosis of gout starts with the joint fluid test, blood tests, joint X-rays, ultrasound and CT scan which are routinely performed to check the urate crystals within the joints. 

In today’s world Bioflex has launched the latest laser technology which helps in treating the painful, acute attacks of gout. Bioflex laser therapy aids in stimulating the release of endorphins such as morphine which has the natural capability of alleviating the pain that occurs due to the formation of urate crystals in the body. The laser therapy launched in Pakistan is a Canadian technology that makes use of red light and aids in relieving pain. It increases the blood flow surrounding tissues and aids in reducing the number of inflammatory markers within the body.

The use of infrared light aids in accelerating the healing process within the inflamed tissues and stimulates physiological reactions at the cellular level. When the laser therapy is applied over the skin of the affected tissues, the photons absorb within the tissues and reach mitochondria. The energy starts generating within the cells that leads to the physiological reactions within the body.

The Bioflex laser clinics are available in huge cities of Pakistan namely Karachi, Islamabad and Peshawar. You can have your laser treatment in these cities. Just call now and book your appointment at the toll-free number 0800-52737 and visit the trained doctors for consultation. Once you get your laser treatment done you’ll feel the difference in the joint pain that you used to feel because of the sudden acute attacks of gout.

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