Ligament injuries are usually experienced once in our lifetime. These injuries affect our daily routine and limit our range of motion. If the torn ligaments in the knee are not treated properly, they tend to come back. It is therefore essential to get yourself properly treated. So, before jumping onto the diagnosis and treatment of torn ligament in the knee, let’s have a look at what are ligaments and which ligaments are mostly injured during the daily activities:
Ligaments are defined as the tough tissue bands which form a connection between the bones of our body.
Types of Ligaments that Get Injured within the Knee
The four essential ligaments of our knee which are at increased risk of injury include the following:
Anterior and posterior cruciate ligament- Anterior cruciate ligament is the one which commonly gets injured in knee injuries. This ligament connects the shin bone to the thigh bone. A posterior cruciate ligament connects the thigh bone and shin bone to the knee. This ligament is rarely injured but does get involved in car accidents.
Lateral and medial collateral ligament- the lateral collateral ligament connects fibula with thigh bone over the outer part of the knee while the medial collateral ligament connects thigh bone and shin bone over the inner part of the knee.
Symptoms of Torn Ligament in the Knee
The signs and symptoms of torn ligament within the knee include the following:
- Severe and sudden painful sensation
- Snap or loud popping sound during the injury
- Unable to put pressure or weight over the joint without any pain
- Looseness within the joint
The doctor performs the physical examination to evaluate the torn ligament injury in the knee. If the knee feels swollen or tense with blood then the doctors might drain the swelling with a needle. X-rays are also advised to confirm the diagnosis of whether there is any broken bone or not. MRI is also performed to check the ligament injuries.
The mode of treatment for torn ligament injury varies depending on the severity. If an individual experiences mild to moderate injury then it might heal with home remedies. The treatment options for such injuries include:
- Give complete rest to your feet which means avoid straining your knees. Do not put excessive pressure over them so that they do not hurt. In certain situations due to extreme pain, you might need to use crutches at certain times to avoid excessive pressure over the knees.
- Icing over the knees with an icepack for half an hour after every few hours can lessen the amount of swelling and pain over the knee. Regular icing relieves the swelling within 2-3 days.
- Compression of the knee with sleeves, elastic bandage or straps help in controlling the swelling.
- Keep your knees slightly raised over the pillows while lying down or in sitting posture.
- Knee braces are also an effective way to stabilize the torn ligaments of the knee which also helps in protecting it from any further injury.
- Arthrocentesis- a procedure where the fluid is removed from the joint with the help of a needle.
- Physical therapy that involves strengthening and stretching exercises can also help to improve the injury if recommended by the doctor as excessive stretching might hurt you.
However, if the injury of torn ligaments is severe then you might need a surgical procedure.
- For collateral ligament tears, surgery is usually not required. But if cruciate ligaments are stretched or torn then you need reconstructive knee surgery. During this procedure, the surgeon takes the tendons from different parts of the patient’s leg and replaces the torn out ligament of the knee. This reconstruction surgical procedure is a complicated one with side effects as well. This procedure is only advised for people who have severe ligament injury and instability or athletes who prefer regaining their range of motion.
- Another latest technology for knee pain treatment and soft tissue injury include low-level laser therapy. The laser therapy penetrates the skin tissue resulting in improved circulation, enhanced the health of the body cells, increased the release of endorphins which helps the body to fight against pain and inflammation. This healing process promotes the formation of healthy tissue which relieves the painful sensation of the torn ligament injury. Laser therapy makes use of infrared and red light that aids in relieving pain. The laser is applied over the skin which results in penetration of photons within the mitochondria of the skin cells. The energy is then produced by the cells which result in positive physiological reactions that helps in restoring the normal cell functions and morphology.
Advantages of Laser Therpay to Treat Knee Pain after Torn Ligament Injury
The use of laser has the following beneficial effects over the knee pain after torn ligament injury:
- Enhanced healing and repair of the knee tissues
- Enhanced tissue strength
- Reduced pain, inflammation, and swelling
- Rapid healing with shorter recovery time
- The non-invasive procedure with no post-op complications
- Enhances the nerve function
Although laser therapy is a new modality in medical science for treating various medical conditions. Many studies have been conducted which proves the efficacy of laser therapy for treating torn ligament in the knee. It helps in healing the wounds and repairs the soft tissue injury. BioFlex laser therapy is the advanced mode of laser therapy which emits the light over the damaged body cells and helps in repairing them.
BioFlex laser therapy has proved to treat various medical conditions which also includes the ligament injury. It reduces pain and inflammation resulting in speedy recovery with a fast healing process. Lasers are non-toxic and non-invasive which offers easy application with 95-98% efficacy and curing rate that too without any major side effects.