You must have seen old people around you, who suffer from memory loss, language issues along with an unpredictable behavior in their old age. These symptoms are usually the signs of Alzheimer’s disease. What is Alzheimer’s disease? It is a progressive and irreversible disease that affects our thinking, memory, and behavior, making it difficult for such patients to perform daily tasks. Dementia in older adults is most commonly seen due to Alzheimer’s disease. It can cause symptoms starting from the age of 35-60 years. Alzheimer’s disease is to dementia as one of its disorder types; whereas there are various types of dementia.
When the brain is examined of such patients, it is seen that there are abnormal plaques within the brain which are known as amyloid plaques along with a tangled ball of fibers which are known as neurofibrillary tangles or tau. Other than these features, there is a loss of connection between different neurons. The initial damage is seen within the hippocampus i.e. one of the crucial parts of the brain that forms memories.
As the neurons start dying, other parts of the brain become damaged and ultimately the tissue of the brain gets shrunk. There is no such cure for Alzheimer’s disease but there are many treatment options that help in slowing down the progression of the disease.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS FOR ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE:
You must be wondering what are the causes and risk factors of Alzheimer’s disease but experts have been unable to find out the exact cause which can result in Alzheimer’s disease. The important risk factor is a genetic transmission of this disease, old age i.e. more than 60 years old, family history. The agitation of Alzheimer’s disease may last for hours.
Having any of these risk factors doesn’t mean that you will suffer from Alzheimer’s disease instead it increases your chance to suffer from it. While there is no definite cause of Alzheimer’s disease but genetics plays an essential role.
To be specific Apolipoprotein E APOE gene plays an important role in its association with Alzheimer’s disease. Certain blood tests can determine the levels of this gene in your body and help in identifying your risk to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease. The person having this gene doesn’t need to surely suffer from Alzheimer’s disease as someone without this gene can also experience Alzheimer’s disease in their old age.
There are other genes as well which can increase your risk of suffering from Alzheimer’s disease.
ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE SYMPTOMS:
We do forget things over some time but Alzheimer’s patients have a progressive disorder where they slowly tend to forget their memories, behaviors along with the worsening symptoms over some time. These symptoms include:
- Loss of memory that can affect everyday activities.
- Troubles to perform daily tasks.
- Difficulties in speech, writing tasks or solving problems.
- Disoriented regarding places or time.
- Reduced judgment.
- Mood disorders or personality shifts.
- Withdrawal from social gatherings, family, friends or community.
- Reduced personal hygiene.
STAGES OF ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE:
These symptoms vary according to the stage of Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is a progressive, debilitating disorder which worsens over some time due to which it is divided over several stages ranging from stage 1 to stage 7:
During stage 1, there are no such symptoms, but the doctor might diagnose the condition based on family history.
During stage 2, some early-onset symptoms might appear like forgetfulness regarding special events or important stuff.
During stage 3, a person experiences mild mental and physical impairments like reduced concentration and memory issues. But these symptoms are mostly noticed by close friends and family members.
During stage 4, the disease is mostly diagnosed, but it’s usually considered mild at this stage. The person is unable to perform everyday tasks during this stage along with it suffers from memory loss.
During stage 5, symptoms are usually moderate to severe and the patients need help from their loved ones to carry out everyday tasks.
During stage 6, the person is so weak that he or she needs help in performing basic tasks like wearing clothes, taking a shower or eating a meal.
During stage 7, the person is at the final and the most severe stage where they start losing facial expressions along with speech.
Alzheimer’s is most commonly seen in elderly patients aged above 65 years but it can appear earlier in the late 40s or 50s.
WHAT DO ALZHEIMER’S, PARKINSON’S, AND MAD COW DISEASE HAVE IN COMMON?
Scientists have discovered that a surprising link between “Alzheimer’s disease” and “mad cow disease”. It turns out both diseases involve something called a “prion protein.”
TREATMENT PROTOCOL FOR ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE:
To rule out Alzheimer’s disease in the most definite way, a healthcare professional might examine the brain tissue once a patient is dead but there are different examination tools and tests that help in differentiating Alzheimer’s disease from other mental conditions.
The doctor starts examining the symptoms, family history of the patient, medical history, past medical conditions, current or past intake of medications, diet, lifestyle habits, and other factors. Several tests are advised by the doctor as there is no specific test that can help in identifying the condition.
There are physical, imaging and neurological tests that help in assessing memory, orientation regarding time and place, heart rate, blood pressure, reflexes, speech, muscle tone, and others. Imaging tests like a CT scan, MRI and PET scan are advised which helps in visualizing the inner view of the brain, the structural issues, any bleeding, inflammation, plaque build-ups or abnormal characteristics.
The usual medications prescribed by doctors result in severe adverse effects over the body so you can opt for Bioflex laser therapy which helps in slowing down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease without any adverse effects. It is a non-invasive, non-toxic, safe and effective Canadian technology.
The low-intensity laser therapy emits photons which help in altering the cellular metabolism, it alters the transcription factors which are responsible for expressing genes to promote cell regeneration for a beneficial effect over the body.
The use of LLT aids in improving the thinking, memory and behavioral skills of an individual. Try Bioflex laser therapy which helps in improving the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease without any invasive procedure. Book your appointments now by calling the toll-free number 0800-52737 or visit the clinics in Karachi, Peshawar, and Islamabad.